The hierarchs of each nation (i.e. a broad geographic territory) are obliged to recognize the First-Hierarch as the head according to the 34th Apostolic Canon. The Apostolic Canon relates to the time during which the Metropolitan system was in force. The Bishops of the cities of each Roman eparchy recognized as the First-Hierarch among them the Bishop of the capital of the eparchy, the Metropolis who also bore the title “Metropolitan”. Later in the broader geographic territories of Europe, Africa and Asia (which made up the Roman “Ecumene”) the Bishops of the respective capitals, of Europe: Rome, of Africa: Alexandria, and of Asia; Antioch presided over the Metropolitans. Later Constantinople and Jerusalem were added during the Patriarchal system. The rise of the political importance of a city also meant for the respective diocese its rise in the ecclesiastical order. A characteristic example is that of Constantinople. The Patriarchal system has been in force since at least the 6th century.
The dioceses in Greece became schismatic from the rest of the local Orthodox Churches in 1832 when they unilaterally declared themselves autocephalous from their Mother Church: the Ecumenical Patriarchate. They were granted autocephaly by the Ecumenical Patriarchate in 1850, and thus the schism was ended.
Today, when the Patriarchate of Constantinople and the State Church of Greece have been swallowed up by Ecumenism, the hierarchs of the Genuine Orthodox Church of Greece not only have the right but also an obligation to elect Orthodox bishops in order to shepherd the Orthodox faithful of each ecclesiastical eparchy. Presently the Church of the G.O.C. of Greece has dioceses outside of Greece: in North and South America, Europe and Australia.
The Church of Greece has not granted autocephaly to any diocese or group of dioceses, inside or outside Greece. In 2003, it decided to establish an Eparchial Synod in the eparchy of North and South America. The Eparchial Synod has a limited autonomy, its Metropolitans commemorate the Archbishop of Athens and the Holy Synod with him, and a hierarch of the Holy Synod of the Church of Greece sits on the Eparchial Synod as a permanent member. It is in full liturgical communion with the Church of Greece, which is its Mother Church.
Why do we follow the Old Orthodox Calendar?
a Because based on it, the First Ecumenical Council established the Paschal Canon and appointed that the feast of Holy Pascha may fall anywhere from March 22nd until April 25th, while with the New (Papal) Calendar it can fall as late at May 8th.
b The Gregorian (Papal) Calendar has been condemned by three Pan-Orthodox Councils under Patriarch Jeremiah Tranos (1583, 1587, 1589) Read more...
Saints Peter and Paul Orthodox Church in Tucson, AZ, is a beautiful mission parish near downtown Tucson, a city in southern Arizona. It was started in 1997 by Father John Bockman, who was a missionary priest formerly serving missions in Tennessee and Massachusetts since 1990. Read more...
Registration is now open for the 2017 St Xenia Camp. Please visit the St Xenia Camp website for more information and registration.
The Family Youth Conference will be held Friday, October 20 - Sunday, October 22 at The Dormition of the Theotokos Orthodox Church in Concord, NH.